K-PAK®

A silicone insecticidal product in the form of a concentrate for the preparation of an aqueos emulsion, with a physcial mode of action, intended to combat some pests, including spider mites and aphids in the culitvation of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants.

Dosage:

  • pome fruit (apple, pear) and stone fruit (plum, cherry, gean, apricot, peach):,
  • plum, apple tree, pear,
  • berry plants (currant, raspberry, strawberry),
  • tomato, beans, broad beans, beetroot, black salsify, spinach, rhubarb, poppy seeds,
  • tomato, cucumber and other cucurbits, beans and other coarse-grained legumes,
  • brassica plants ( kale, curly kale, chinese cabbage, broccoli, cauliflowers),
  • ornamental plants

Advantages of the product

1. High efficiency and fast action

With a properly performed treatment, the efectiveness of combating nuisance pests reaches up to 100%.

2. Application on a wide range of crops

It fights harmful insects and mites that feed on many crops (fruit, vegetable and ornamental). It is used in the protection of crops for which there are currently no registered insecticides or acaricides (eg.)

3. Low product dosage

Smaller doses (up to 10x) compared to traditional pesticides available on the market.

4. Flexibility of application

No specific application dates – can be used multiple times during the entire growing season.

5. No negative impact on bees/low risk for bees

The conducted studies and risk assessment of K-PAK on honey bees show that the product does not cause unacceptable negative effects on these beneficial insects. Nevertheless, the product should be used out of bee activity periods.

6. Does not cause pest's immunisation

It does not select resistant pest breeds due to physical mechanism of action. It fights pests that quickly become resisatant to traditional plant protection products. The product is part of anti-immune strategy.

7. Enables the cultivation of plants without pesticides residues

The product does not require any chemical active substances contained in traditional pesticides (no problem of residues of these substances in the crops of the protected plant). The growing demand for healthy, safe food without plant protection products’ residues is the future thet farmers and plant growers must follow. Currently, the market focuses on quality, which is why manufactures should implement the latest and proven solutions.

Legal regulations - product safety

K-PAK is not a chemical plant protection product within the meaning of EC Regulation No. 1107/2009

 

The polymers in K-PAK are on the ORGANIC MATERIALS REVIEW INSTITUTE (OMRI) list in the United States of America. Therefore, they can be used in certified organic production in accordance with the provision of the USDA National Organic Program.

 

The ingrediens of K-PAK are listed in the following chemical inventories: European Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (EINECS), TSCA Chemical Substance Inventory US EPA, Japanese Existing and New Chemical Substances (ENCS), Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS), ECL, PICCS CHINA, Canada Non-Domestic Substance List (NDSL).

 

For all monomers of silicone copolymers contained in the preparation, the registration conditions required by Regulation EC No. 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the European Council have been met.

 

The recommendations for the use of K-PAK were developed on the basis of field efficacy studies carried out by the Research Team for the Effectieveness Assessment of Zoocides, Nematocides, Bioregulators and Herbicides of the Institute of Horticulture in Skierniewice.

Information

  • USE WITH INSECTICIDES AND ACARICIDES

     

    In the case of high pests intensity, especially those difficult to control, K-PAK can be used in conjuction with traditional insecticides, e.g. containing the active substance abamectin, such as GROT 18 EC. The conducted laboratory tests show full compatability of Grot 18 EC and K-PAK agents.

     

    The combined use of K-PAK with traditional insecticides or acaricides is a very practical solution and will allow for more effective control of particularly nuisance pests. By using such mixtures, we obtain a combination of two mechanisms of action on pests in one treatment: physical and biochemical. This solution allows to reduce the selsction of pest resistant forms to the traditional insecticide used. K-PAK also increases traction and spreads the traditional plant protector better over the plant surface.

     

    When the pest (e.g. aphids) comes into contact with water, their respiratory system is closed, which inactivates the pest. However, when the leaves are fully dry, the aphids restore their life processes again. When using the K-PAK product, the wettability is very high, as a result of which water and plant protection agent gets inside the insect’s oraginsm, causing it to die.

     

    Before using a tank mixture of K-PAK preparation with any other plant protection product, such a mixture should be checked for physical compatibility and to exclude possible phytotoxicity.

     

    USE WITH FUNGICIDES

    If it is necessary to perform a treatment against fungal diseases, the treatment with the selected fungicide in the concentration specified in its label should be performed earlier than 3 days after the application of the K-PAK preparation on the plant.

  • Before preparing the working solution, determine the exact amount needed.

    Pour the measured amount of K-PAK preparation into the sprayer tank partially filled with water. Rinse empty containers three times with water, and pour the washings into the sprayer tank with the working solution and top up with the necessary amount of water. Then mix the liquid throughly.

    If K-PAK is used together with plant protection products, first prepare the plant protection product working solution and then add K-PAK.

    Use the working solution prepared in the sprayer tank on the same day it was prepared.

  • The preparation is used in the form of a sprawy, after dilution in water.

    The product is intended for use with field, orchard and manual sprayers.

    The use of K-PAK does not require the addition of adjuvants to the working solution.

    K-PAK should be used when the first colonies of pests appear.

    The preparation maintains its effectiveness for up to 14 days after the application. If necessary, repeat the treatment after 14 days.

     

    K-PAK product packaging available : 1 l, 5 l

    1. The preparation should be used out of bee activity periods, on dry and undamaged plants.
    2. The product should be used in the morning or evening, during the day only in cloudy weather, throughly covering with working solution all places where pests feed.
    3. The preparation should not be used at least 2 hours before the expected rainfall, as it may wash off the preparation from sprayed plant surfaces and reduce the effectiveness.
    4. When controlling spider mites, spray the lower and upper sides of the leaf throughly.
    5. When spraying, do not allow the working solution to drip from the leaves to avoid any potential danger for more sensitive plants.
    6. During the phytotoxicity studies of the K-PAK preparation on selected species and varieties of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants, no symptoms of phytotoxicity were found. It is recommended, however, that before using the preparation, a trial treatment should be carried out on several plants sprayed for the first time to check for signs of phytotoxicity.
    7.  The preparation should not be used together with adjuvants or wetting agents.
    8. Use the preparation only in recommended concentrations.
    9. The amount of water used for the treatment should be adjusted to the size and density of crops.
    10. In the case of high pest intensity, especially those difficukt to control, K-PAK can be used together with traditional insecticides, e.g. with abamectin 18 EC. Laboratory tests show full compatibility of abamectin 18 EC and K-PAK. Before using the tank mixture of K-PAK with any other plant protection product, such mixture should always be checked for physical compatability and to exclude any phytotoxicity.
    11. If it is necessary to perform a treatment against fungal diseases, the treatment with the chosen fungicide in the concentration specified in its label, it should be performed no earlier than 3 days after applying K-PAK on the plant.
    12. Shelf-life: 4 years.

K-PAK operation mechanism

K-PAK is a silicone product based on modern technology, with a non-specific mode of action in relation to pests. The main component of K-PAK is modified trisiloxane that increase the wettability of hydrophobic surfaces, and thus guaranteeing more effecrive coverage, in particular of leaves, other plant parts and pests feeding on them, which die as a result of disruption of physiological processes. The K-PAK preparation is effective in combating pests (including aphids and spider mites) commonly found in large numbers on many plant species.

 

 

K-PAK product technology

The mode of action of organically modified siloxanes depends on their structure. The process of obtaining the polymer contained in the K-PAK product guarantees purity from residues in the form of physically inactive cyclic siloxanes. As a result, the product reaches its destination fasterm which results in a better effect of immobilizing the pest (excellent adhesion of the preparation). The pest has no chance of “escaping and hiding”.

 

The modern solution proposed by Synthos Agro guarantees the user, above all, high efficiency and safety of using the product. K-PAK is resistant to hydrolysis at pH 5.5 – 8.5.

The product is safer for the environment than traditional chemical solutions (it biodegrades over time (55% for a concentration of 28 mg per liter after 28 days), does not bioaccumulate).

Dead insects may remain within the leaves of the treated crops for several days, and after some tome they fall of e.g. in rain or strong wind.

K-PAK is not a plant protection product and does not contain any chemical active substances contained in traditional pesticides. It is an alternative to chemical plant protection products controlling pests.

The product has no grace period, which enable the protection of crops just before the fruit harvest without fear of residual active substances.

Contrary to the majority of traditional plant protection products, K-PAK does not interfere with the biochemical life processes of the pests, which is why they cannot become resistant to its components.

Application table (recommended amount of water: 500 - 750 l / ha)

Plant Pest Recommended concentration (in 100 l of water)

Plum, apple tree, pear

soft scale larvae

0,1% - 0,15% (100 - 150 ml of the preparation)

Berry plants (currant, raspberry, strawberry)

aphids, spider mites

0,2% (200 ml of the preparation)

Tomato, beans, broad beans, beetroot, black salsify, spinach, rhubarb, poppy seeds

aphids

0,05% - 0,1% (50 ml-100 ml of the preparation)

Tomato, cucumber and other cucurbits, beans and other coarse-grained legumes

spider mites

0,2% (200 ml of the preparation)

Brassica plants ( kale, curly kale, chinese cabbage, broccoli, cauliflowers)

whitefly

0,1% (100 ml of the preparation)

Ornamental plants

aphids, spider mites

0,05% - 0,1% (50 ml – 100 ml of the preparation) 0,1 - 0,15% (100 - 150 ml of the preparation)

FRUIT PLANTS

Pome fruit (apple, pear) and stone fruit (plum, cherry, gean, apricot, peach):

aphids, spider mites

– recommended concentration: 0.2% (200 ml of the preparation in 100l of water)

 

Plum, apple tree, pear:

soft scale larvae

– recommended concentration: 0.1% – 0.15% (100 – 150 ml of the preparation in 100l of water)

The preparation at a concentration of 0.05% (50ml in 100l of water) reduces the occurance of the pest.

 

Berry plants (currant, raspberry, strawberry):

aphids, spider mites

– recommended concentration: 0.2% (200 ml of the preparation in 100l of water)

Recommended amount of water: 500 – 750 l/ha

Number of treatments: the product can be used repeatedly during the growing season, depending on the threat and frequency of pests.

 

COMMENTS:

1. K-PAK does not cause any symptoms of phytotoxicity on the plum of the variety ‘Amers’, on the apple of the variety ‘Jonagold’, on the black currant of the variety ‘Gofert’.

It is recommended, however, that before applying the preparation on each variety sprayed for the first time, to carry out a trial treatment on several plants to check for signs of phytotoxicity or damage to the plants.

2. Use before and after flowering of fruit trees and shrubs/bushes.

VEGETABLES PLANTS

Tomato, beans, broad beans, beetroot, black salsify, spinach, rhubarb, poppy seeds:

aphids:

– recommended concentration: 0.05% – 0.1% (50ml – 100ml of the preparation in 100l of water)

 

Tomato, cucumber and other cucurbits, beans and other coarse-grained legumes:

spider mites:

– recommended concentration: 0.2% (200 ml of the preparation in 100l of water)

 

Brassica plants ( kale, curly kale, chinese cabbage, broccoli, cauliflowers):

whitefly:

– recommended concentration: 0.1% (100 ml of the preparation in 100 l of water)

Recommended amount of water: 300 – 600 l/ha.

Number of treatments: the product can be used repeatedly during the growing season, depending on the threat and frequency of pests.

ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

aphids:

 

– recommended concentration: 0.5% – 0.1% (50ml – 100ml of the preparation in 100l of water)

 

Use the higher recommended concentration in the case of the high pest severity.

If necessary, repeat the treatment after 14 days.

 

spider mites:

 

– recommended concentration: 0.1 – 0.15% (100 – 150ml of the preparation in 100l of water).

Recommended amount of water: 500 – 2000 l/ha.

 

Of necessary, repeat the treatment after 7 days.

Number of treatments: the product can be used repeatedly during the growing season, depending on the threat and frequency of pests.

The results of efficency tests

 

The recommendation for the use of K-PAK preparation were developed based on field efficancy studies conducted by the Research Team for the Effectiveness Assessment of Zoocides, Nematicides, Bioregulators and Herbicides of the Institute of Horticulture in Skierniewice, Poland.

  • APHIDS

    The K-PAK product used once after flowering at a concentration of 0.20% shows an average level of apple aphid control on apple trees and can be recommended as an effective product in the fight against this pest. K-PAK shows no symptoms of phytotoxicity on apple trees of the Jonagold variety, nor a negative effect on beneficial organisms and the environment.

    SOFT SCALE LARVAE

    The K-PAK product used once after flowering in concentrations of 0.10% and 0.15% shows an average level of control of plum cup larvae (> 74%) on plum and it can be recommended as an effective product against this pest.

    K-PAK shows no symptoms of phytotoxicity on plum variety Amers, and no negative impact on beneficial organisms and the environment.

  • SPIDER MITES

    The K-PAK product used once at a concentration of 0.20% shows a high level of control of the blackcurrant spider mite (Gofert variety) and can be recommended as an effective product in the fight against this pest. K-PAK shows no phytotoxicity symptoms on blackcurrant or negative effects on beneficial organisms and the environment.

  • WHITEFLY

    The K-PAK product used once in a concentration of 0.10% shows a high level of control of the vegetable whitefly on kale and can be recommended as an effective product in the fight against this pest. K-PAK shows no symptoms of phytotoxicity on kale and no negative effects on beneficial organisms and the environment.

    APHIDS

    The K-PAK product used once in concentrations of 0.10% shows a high level of control of beet aphid on rhubarb and can be recommended as an effective product in the fight against this pest. K – PAK shows no phytotoxicity symptoms on rhubarb and no negative effects on beneficial organisms and the environment.

  • APHIDS

    The K-PAK product used once in concentrations of 0.05% and 0.10% shows a high level of control of rose-brush aphid on rose hips and can be recommended as an effective product in the fight against this pest. K-PAK shows no symptoms of phytotoxicity in rose hips and no negative effects on beneficial organisms and the environment.

     

    SPIDER MITES

     

    The K-PAK product used once in concentrations of 0.10% and 0.15% shows a high level of control of the spider mite on rose hips and can be recommended as an effective product in the fight against this pest. K-PAK shows no symptoms of phytotoxicity on rose hips and no negative impact on beneficial organisms and the environment.

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